The quality grains and textures of American softwoods have long proved popular for many internal uses. Finished naturally, stained or painted, they will enhance the interior of both traditional and modern homes.
American softwoods are also growing in demand for furniture manufacture but are ideal for:
- Bed frames
Structural timber is graded for its load-bearing and load-carrying capacity in framing systems and in heavy construction, light commercial and residential applications. The dominant American structural framing species are Douglas Fir and Southern Yellow Pine.
Typical structural construction applications include:
- Retail developments
- Sports venues
- Swimming pools
Structural timber products are generally bought, sold and specified for end use according to species combinations with design values assigned per species. Adjustment factors can be applied to structural timber to calculate the performance of different sized members in end use. For example, the European Union has a common timber design code which can be used in all member states EN 1995-1-1 Eurocode 5: Design of timber structures. General. Common rules and rules for buildings.
When pressure preservative treated, timber can provide decades of reliable service exposed to the harshest of climates. Southern Yellow Pine is the preferred species when pressure treatment with wood preservatives is required. The unique cellular structure of Southern Yellow Pine permits deep and uniform penetration of preservatives, rendering the wood useless as a food source for fungi, termites and micro-organisms.
Common outdoors applications for preservative treated timber include:
- Marinas and piers
- Playground equipment
Structural timber products are generally bought, sold and specified for end use according to species combinations with design values assigned for each species. Adjustment factors can be applied to structural timber to calculate the performance of different sized members in end use. These are published by various governmental agencies in destination countries. American softwoods comply with BS 5268 Pt 2: 1996 and EN 1912 “Structural Timber – Strength Classes.”
Use Class Guide
For outdoor use, it is important to specify the correct timber Use Class and appropriate preservative retention level in order to prevent rot and decay. The level of preservative needed is determined by the end use of the wood. For example, timber used for swimming pool surrounds will require a higher level of preservative treatment than ground floor joists.