Found exclusively in Northern California, this coastal redwood is grown commercially in natural stands. The sapwood is cream colored and the durable heartwood a reddish brown. Dimensionally stable with a refined texture and grain, redwood is world-renowned for its superb performance in exposed conditions: outdoor decks, garden structures, cladding, fascia, fences, benches. It weighs from 394-448 kg per cubic meter and is marketed and sold separately.
Most cypress trees are native to the South. They are found primarily in wet, swampy areas. Cypress trees are conifers, but unlike most American softwoods, they are deciduous, shedding foliage in autumn like hardwoods. Although cypress is a softwood, it grows alongside hardwoods and traditionally has been grouped and manufactured with hardwoods. The oils in cypress’ heartwood make it one of the most durable woods when exposed to moisture conditions causing decay.
The lightest in color of the naturally durable American softwoods. Fine, uniform texture and straight grain; silvers on exposure. Strongly aromatic, moderately strong and hard. Used where weather-resistance, stability and workability are needed: park benches, exterior cabinetwork, stage construction, foundry patterns, marine and landscape installations. It weighs 497 kg per cubic meter and is marketed and sold separately.
Found in a small area of Southern Oregon and Northern California, Port Orford cedar is finely textured with a pungent, ginger-like odor. Its heartwood is light yellow to pale brown, the sapwood is thin and hard to distinguish. Easily worked and polished, it is often substituted in Japan for Hinoki when appearance is important. Also used in woodenware, novelties and toys. It weighs 465 kg per cubic metre and is marketed and sold separately; limited availability.
Fine and uniformly textured with a distinctly spicy odour. Its sapwood is white or creamcoloured, while the extremely durable heartwood is light brown, often tinged with red. A highly workable wood, it machines and weathers well. It is used outdoors as landscape material, decking and fencing, as well as for panelling, louvres and pencils. It weighs 384 kg per cubic metre and is marketed and sold separately or in the Western cedars combination.